Tag Archives: innovation

Coolinfographics.com

Want an interesting way to learn about a research topic? Check out cool Infographics, a website devoted to displaying data at-a-glance, in visually appealing ways. While reading these ”online posters” you can instantly learn a lot of scientific facts, trivia and icomplex concepts that are often otherwise difficult and take a long time – and many words – to understand. This resource would be good for any students levels 4 and higher, especially IELTS students who need to learn how to synthesize and describe scientific research.

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What is Probabilistic Computing?

Traditional computers often seem brilliant and simpleminded at the same time. On the one hand, they can perform billions of high-precision numerical operations per second with perfect repeatability. On the other hand, they fail catastrophically when their inputs are incomplete or ambiguous. These strengths and weaknesses flow from their mathematical foundations in deductive logic and deterministic functions. Navia Systems is working to change all this, by building the world’s first natively probabilistic computers, designed from the ground up to handle ambiguity, make good guesses, and learn from their experience. Instead of logic and determinism, Navia’s hardware and software are grounded in probability distributions and stochastic simulators, generalizing the mathematics of traditional computing to the probabilistic setting. The result is a technology as suited to making judgements in the presence of uncertainty as traditional computing technology is to large-scale record keeping.

Brainput

Conversations between people include a lot more than just words. All sorts of visual and aural cues indicate each party’s state of mind and make for a productive interaction.

But a furrowed brow, a gesticulating hand, and a beaming smile are all lost on computers. Now, researchers at MIT and Tufts are experimenting with a way for computers to gain a little insight into our inner world.

Their system, called Brainput, is designed to recognize when a person’s workload is excessive and then automatically modify a computer interface to make it easier. The researchers used a lightweight, portable brain monitoring technology, called functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), that determines when a person is multitasking. Analysis of the brain scan data was then fed into a system that adjusted the user’s workload at those times. A computing system with Brainput could, in other words, learn to give you a break.

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